In the world of antique furniture, the word “period” has a very specific meaning. To say that
something is “period” means that it is from the original time frame when the style of the piece was first popular. To say that a Queen Anne chair is “period” means that it came from the first half of the 18th century when the Queen Anne style was introduced and was the most used style of the era. Likewise a “period” Chippendale chair is from the third or fourth quarter of the 18th century.
All of this was pretty straightforward to furniture folks in previous times. A Queen Anne chair was very old, a Chippendale chair not quite so much and an Empire piece was new. No problem. Then came the great American leveler (we tend to try to make everything equal and homogenous) the Colonial Revival. The idea was to honor our country and our Founding Fathers by reproducing types of furniture used in their time. Naturally, the project was doomed to go awry once it got to the commercial stage. As long as it remained in the older small bench made type cabinet shops, the styles and forms remained true to the Grand Idea, but when it reached the factory level in the early 20th century it would have made George and the boys blush.
And now nearly 100 years later, some of the early Colonial Revival pieces are starting to look pretty old and could be very confusing to newer entrants to the antique furniture market.
An example that recently came to me from a reader was a buffet that his re-finisher had told him was truly antique, probably 18th century and he had seen others like it sell for $5,000. Unfortunately, the buffet was Queen Anne style with cabriole legs and pad feet. What’s wrong with that? With a few rare exceptions, the form of the low sideboard with drawers and doors did not exist in the Queen Anne period. It came into being in the late 18th century in the Adam style and those designed by Hepplewhite and Sheraton in the Federal period. It was never made in the Queen Anne style until the 20th century. The $5,000 antique buffet turned out to be a $150 Depression era sideboard.
There are a number of other examples where, no matter how old they may appear, the items are not “period” and are not antique because the form did not exist in the original period. A prime culprit in this category is the coffee table. How many Chippendale, Queen Anne or Rococo Revival coffee tables have you ever seen? A great many probably but none of them are period or even antique. The form of the low coffee table did not exist in any of those periods. It is a 20th century form and classical style coffee tables are not even reproductions because no original ever existed. They are modern tables made using classical stylistic elements and most have little or no collector’s or antique value. So where did the coffee table come from?
One source in Grand Rapids claims credit. In 1903, F. Stuart Foote founded the Imperial Furniture
Company in Grand Rapids. He had learned the furniture business from his father E. H. Foote, who had founded the Grand Rapids Chair Company in 1872. Good stock. Early in the history of the company, according to “Grand Rapids Furniture – The Story of American’s Furniture City” by Christian Carron, The Public Museum of Grand Rapids, Foote claimed to have invented the coffee table himself while helping his wife prepare for a party. He simply lowered the legs on an existing table and the new form was born fully developed. So there you have it. Maybe.
Another source cites the making of low coffee tables in Revival styles in the late 19th century but gives no examples or illustrations. In their somewhat lighthearted approach to the history of the subject, authors Alexander Payne and James Zemaitis in “The Coffee Table Coffee Table Book” (Black Dog Publishing, 2003) come to the conclusion that the coffee table is a 20th century invention. They use the French “table bas” as the basis, a low table that was placed around the perimeter of a room rather than in the center. They state that in 1915, fashion magazines started showing the tables in the middle of the room and the concept literally flew across continents and borders to become routine in American households.
Another example is an Empire rocking chair. While the rocking chair did exist in the Empire period, it was not a style that lent itself to the mobility requirements of the form. Even more common is the Chippendale rocking chair with ball and claw feet. Again the rocking chair form did exist in the Chippendale period, it just was never made in the style. And forget about the possibility of a rocking chair being an original Queen Anne chair.
Then there is the case of the antique china cabinet from Grandma’s house. The large bulbs turnings on the legs of the cabinet identify it as a Jacobean style cabinet. The style is named for King James I of the early 17th century. The Latin term for James is Jacob. It was popular in the American colonies in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and in the 17th century there were no glass front cabinets. This and all the other examples are purely 20th century fabrications.
Editor’s Recommendation: Antique Trader Antiques & Collectibles 2016 Price Guide
If you appreciate antique and/or mid-century modern furniture, the new edition of the Antique Trader Price Guide is a good addition to your personal library. The furniture sections of this top-selling price guide feature a nice variety of pieces that crossed the auction block within the last year. For example the following examples sold at auction in 2015:
- A mid-19th century Rococo carved rosewood bedroom suite sold for $33,750.
- American Gothic rosewood and marble-top center table, mid-19th century, likely crafted by master cabinet maker Alexander Roux, commanded $93,480.
- A “Rudder” dinette table, circa 1944, by renowned craftsman Isamu Noguchi, realized $20,400.
One of the best aspects about selecting this book (or the eBook version) is you may go into it with a focus on one category, but you’ll quickly gain appreciation for many more collecting interests. Plus, when you order from our online store, KrauseBooks.com you’ll save 26%:
22.99 / Your Price $17.01.